JOANNA CAROLE MORRIS vs. ROGER H. MORRIS
403 Mass. 1001
August 1, 1988
Elaine Fagelman Gordon for Joanna Carole Morris.
Margaret S. Travers for Roger H. Morris.
The plaintiff, Joanna Carole Morris, is a resident of New Hampshire. Her former husband is a resident of Michigan. The plaintiff appeals from the dismissal, for lack of personal jurisdiction, of her complaint for modification of a judgment of divorce, entered when she was a resident of the Commonwealth. We transferred the case to this court on our own motion, and affirm.
"Generally, a claim of personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant presents a two-fold inquiry: (1) is the assertion of jurisdiction authorized by statute, and (2) if authorized, is the exercise of jurisdiction under State law consistent with basic due process requirements mandated by the United States Constitution?" Good Hope Indus., Inc. v. Ryder Scott Co., 378 Mass. 1 , 5-6 (1979). See Morrill v. Tong, 390 Mass. 120 , 129 (1983).
We need consider only the first inquiry. The Massachusetts long arm statute, G. L. c. 223A (1986 ed. & Supp. 1987), provides that a court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant who "transact[s] any business in this commonwealth." G. L. c. 223A, Section 3 (a). We have concluded previously that the execution in this State, as happened here, of a separation agreement (and attendant actions) may constitute the transaction of business under the statute. Ross v. Ross, 371 Mass. 439 , 441-443 (1976). However, the statute contains an additional requirement for invoking the court's jurisdiction in a divorce modification action. In such a case, the "plaintiff [must] continue[ ] to reside within the commonwealth." G. L. c. 223A, Section 3 (g). See G. L. c. 223A, Section 3 (h) (1986 ed. & Supp. 1987).
In construing seemingly disparate provisions of a statute, our duty, if possible, is to construe them harmoniously in furtherance of the legislative design. Peters v. Michienzi, 385 Mass. 533 , 537 (1982). Under Section 3 (g), the plaintiff's residency is a prerequisite to the court's discretionary decision to assert personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant. This holds true even where the requirements of Section 3 (a) are satisfied. We believe that Section 3 (g) limits the assertion of personal jurisdiction by a Massachusetts court acting pursuant to Section 3 (a).
Nothing in our opinion today affects the validity of previous decisions under Section 3 (a) involving domestic relations matters. Those cases stand for the proposition that, under the proper circumstances, a resident plaintiff may establish a basis for assertion of personal jurisdiction under Section 3 (a) over a
nonresident defendant. See, e.g., Morrill v. Tong, supra at 129-133; Ross v. Ross, supra at 441-442; Winternitz v. Winternitz, 19 Mass. App. Ct. 228 , 230-232 (1985). See also Kennedy v. Kennedy, 10 Mass. App. Ct. 113 , 115-120 (1980), S.C., 400 Mass. 272 (1987) (invoking Section 3 [g], as well).
It is incumbent upon a plaintiff to show sufficient facts for establishing both jurisdiction of the court and jurisdiction over the defendant. Good Hope Indus., Inc., supra at 3. By listing the plaintiff's place of residence as New Hampshire, the complaint fails, on its face, to set forth sufficient facts for jurisdiction. G. L. c. 223A, Section 3 (g). Thus, we do not reach the constitutional due process considerations regarding personal jurisdiction over this defendant.